THE MEDIEVAL HISTORY WONDER OF CHANDELAS
Kalinjar occupies a very important place of pride in the history of India. Many decisive battles were fought for the possession of this strategically located fort in ancient, medieval and modern times, but the military aspect alone does not exhaust the importance of Kalinjar. The place is also a symbol of cultural and religious glory. This panorama of Kalinjar is marked by the famous temple of ageless Neelkantha, the tallest ‘Kala Bhairava’ image and number of high class sculptures in and around, and artistic friezes strewn throughout the length and breadth of the site and ranging from the Gupta period of the time of Chadellas. Kalinjar can further boost the of a vast wealth of epigraphic material as also possibly of even pre-gupta structures and cultural assemblage embedded under the collapsed debris of the western escarpment of the mountain where the famous Neelkantha temple stands.
The place has a powerful association with Shiva, and as per scholars, it finds mention even in the Vedas and Puranas. Legend has it that after drinking the poison that came up during the churning of the ocean, Shiva came to Kalinjar. The Neelkanth temple within the fort draws its origin from this incident. The name of the fort too comes from this source –
‘Kaal’ meaning time and ‘jar’ implying destruction in Sanskrit-Shiva being the destroyer of time