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Permaculture- Agriculture in India

Life grows when you take care of the Earth

Permaculture is an innovative framework for creating sustainable ways of agriculture. It is a practical method of developing ecologically harmonious, efficient and productive systems that can be used by anyone, anywhere.

Idea:

One is affected by water, earth and wind and vice a versa.

Need of Permaculture:

Environment friendly, i.e., minimal damages to the wind, water and earth.

Components of Permaculture:

Features:

Rainwater harvesting
Less machinery to be used
Seasonal agriculture
Multi cropping/ Crop diversification

Process:

• Water Management:

Rainwater harvesting
Construct wells, ponds — 1-2 years of maintenance and then it becomes permanent
Rules for rainwater harvesting:
– Slow down the flow of water — making multidimensional drains
– Spread the flow

– Water seepage into ground

Every time, when you repeat the process, the water seepage increases

• Soil Health:

Soil is a centralised material
Fist of mud contains living organisms more than the population of humans on earth — responsible for the soil fertility; do not burn anything in the farm, bricks (burned mud) is not suitable for agriculture

• Pest Management:

Plant things like:

Marigold — pest attracter, keeps the crop safe
Tulsi, Aloe vera — gives oxygen for 24 hours
Onions, Garlic — gives a pungent smell that keeps insects away
• Multi cropping:
Growing Ginger (minimal space, maximum benefits), papaya, curry leaves, etc.

Seeds:

Cultivating locally available, in-farm seeds.

• Multi-layer farming:

Taking lessons from the forest, i.e., plants of different heights and varieties co-exist together
Eg: The shade provided by a mango tree can be used to grow ginger

• Mulching:

Use the residue of farms for compost
Keeps the soil moist — soil needs moisture and not water
Way to reclaim Earth’s nutrition

• Compost:

Cow dung, wild grass — alternate layers of wet and dry biodegradable waste

Conclusion:

Out of the chemicals used for increasing the productivity of agriculture, only 30% is retained by the plants and the rest 70% is absorbed by Earth. The level of contamination is now highlighted through polluted groundwater and increasing land degradation. Permaculture, the modern word for ancient tradition, is hence the way forward.