Life grows when you take care of the Earth
Permaculture is an innovative framework for creating sustainable ways of agriculture. It is a practical method of developing ecologically harmonious, efficient and productive systems that can be used by anyone, anywhere.
Idea: One is affected by water, earth and wind and vice a versa.
Need of Permaculture: Environment friendly, i.e., minimal damages to the wind, water and earth.
Components of Permaculture:
Less machinery to be used
Multi cropping/ Crop diversification
1. Water Management:
Construct wells, ponds — 1-2 years of maintenance and then it becomes permanent
Rules for rainwater harvesting:
- Slow down the flow of water — making multidimensional drains
Spread the flow
- Water seepage into ground
- Every time, when you repeat the process, the water seepage increases\
2. Soil Health:
Soil is a centralised material
Fist of mud contains living organisms more than the population of humans on earth — responsible for the soil fertility; do not burn anything in the farm, bricks (burned mud) is not suitable for agriculture
3. Pest Management:
Plant things like:
Marigold — pest attracter, keeps the crop safe
Tulsi, Aloe vera — gives oxygen for 24 hours
Onions, Garlic — gives a pungent smell that keeps insects away
• Multi cropping:
Growing Ginger (minimal space, maximum benefits), papaya, curry leaves, etc.
Cultivating locally available, in-farm seeds.
5. Multi-layer farming:
Taking lessons from the forest, i.e., plants of different heights and varieties co-exist together
Eg: The shade provided by a mango tree can be used to grow ginger
Use the residue of farms for compost
Keeps the soil moist — soil needs moisture and not water
Way to reclaim Earth’s nutrition
Cow dung, wild grass — alternate layers of wet and dry biodegradable waste
Out of the chemicals used for increasing the productivity of agriculture, only 30% is retained by the plants and the rest 70% is absorbed by Earth. The level of contamination is now highlighted through polluted groundwater and increasing land degradation. Permaculture, the modern word for ancient tradition, is hence the way forward.