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PM KUSUM (Kisan Urja Suraksha Utthaan Maha Abhiyan) Scheme

PM KUSUM (Kisan Urja Suraksha Utthaan Maha Abhiyan) Scheme is for farmers for installation of solar pumps and grid-connected solar and other renewable power plants in the country.

The implementation responsibility lies with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, GoI.

Components:  

  • Component A: 10,000 MW of Decentralized Ground Mounted Grid Connected Renewable Power Plants of individual plant size up to 2 MW.
  1. Renewable power projects of capacity 500 kW to 2 MW will be set up by individual farmers/ group of farmers/ cooperatives/ panchayats/ Farmer Producer Organisations (FPO). In the above-specified entities are not able to arrange equity required for setting up the REPP, they can opt for developing the REPP through developer(s) or even through local  DISCOM, which will be considered as RPG in this case.
  2. DISCOMs will notify sub-station wise surplus capacity which can be fed from such RE power plants to the Grid and shall invite applications from interested beneficiaries for setting up the renewable energy plants.
  3. The renewable power generated will be purchased by DISCOMs at a  feed-in-tariff (FiT) determined by the respective State Electricity Regulatory  Commission (SERC).
  • Component B: Installation of 17.50 lakh standalone Solar Powered  Agriculture Pumps of individual pump capacity up to 7.5 HP.
  1. The State Government will give a subsidy of 30%, and the remaining 40% will be provided by the farmer. Bank finance may be made available for farmer’s contribution, so that farmer has to initially pay only  10% of the cost and remaining up to 30% of the cost as loan.
  2. In the North-Eastern States, Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, Lakshadweep and A&N Islands, the State  Government will give a subsidy of 30%; and the remaining 20% will be provided by the farmer. Bank finance may be made available for farmer’s contribution, so that farmer has to initially pay only 10% of the cost and remaining up to 10% of the cost as loan.
  • Component C: Solarisation of 10 Lakh Grid-connected Agriculture Pumps of individual pump capacity up to 7.5 HP.
  1. Individual farmers having grid-connected agriculture pump will be supported to solarise pumps. Solar PV capacity up to two times of pump capacity in kW is allowed under the scheme.
  2. The farmer will be able to use the generated solar power to meet the irrigation needs and the excess solar power will be sold to DISCOMs.

Benefits: 

  • The scheme will open a stable and continuous source of income to the rural landowners for a period of 25 years by utilisation of their dry/ uncultivable land. Further, in case cultivated fields are chosen for setting up solar power project, the farmers could continue to grow crops as the solar panels are to be set up above a minimum height.
  • The scheme would ensure that sufficient local solar/ other renewable energy-based power is available for feeding rural load centres and agriculture pump-set loads, which require power mostly during the day time.  As these power plants will be located closer to the agriculture loads or to electrical substations in a decentralized manner, it will result in reduced  Transmission losses for STUs and Discoms. Moreover, the scheme will also  help the Discoms to achieve the RPO target
  • The solar pumps will save the expenditure incurred on diesel for running diesel pump and provide the farmers with a reliable source of irrigation through the solar pump apart from preventing harmful pollution from running diesel pump. In light of the long waiting list for electric grid connection, this scheme will benefit 17.5 lakh farmers over a period of four years, without adding to the grid load.

The topic covered in the blog pertains to UPSC papers on GS 3 Agriculture (irrigation systems, Infrastructure, Environment conservation & Resource mobilisation) and Essay type questions.